Medical Institution Education
Medical institution education is the process of developing the knowledge, skills and professional behavior that a medical student needs to become a competent doctor. The curriculum, selection of students, assessment system and evaluation should all be guided by the academic judgment of faculty and accreditation bodies and respond to the health needs of a region or country.
Teaching of the basic sciences is an essential element in the learning and preparation of medical students for their clinical training. The curriculum should provide exposure to the biological and behavioral sciences, as well as social science, public health and humanities. It should also include an introduction to the principles and methodologies of medical research, if the school wishes to pursue this.
A medical education unit, sometimes called an office or department, is the key element of a medical institution that provides educational support to students. It has many titles including division, department, center and unit and serves as a home for a range of academic staff with different qualifications and backgrounds. 위너넷
The unit’s purpose is to foster excellence in the curriculum and provide support to faculty, students and other stakeholders, as well as to develop, implement and evaluate outcomes-based curricula. It also supports audits of teaching, appraisal activities and other quality assurance processes.
In addition to providing service, the medical education unit can play a significant role in research and scholarship. This can be a competitive advantage in the market for research grants and in attracting students to participate in its programmes.
One of the challenges for medical education units is to find the right balance between research and service. If the unit concentrates on service provision at the expense of research it may reduce its innovative capacity and wither. If it concentrates on research at the expense of service, it may also be in conflict with the administration of the medical school whose interest lies in solving immediate institutional needs and problems.
During the 2003 to 2004 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak, many institutions removed their medical students and residents from contact with patients with Ebola virus because of the risk of acquiring the disease. This decision was based on the belief that the student’s ability to make an effective contribution to patient care would be compromised and their exposure to the virus could be dangerous.
While this policy has been a common approach in the past, the recent COVID-19 pandemic has rekindled debates about whether and to what extent medical students should be involved in caring for patients with the virus. Leaders need to find more effective, ethical, and transparent ways to mitigate the exposure risks inherent in deploying medical students and residents/fellows alongside trained staff during a pandemic and to balance these risks and benefits to patient care and education. 의료기관컨설팅
The risk-benefit framework outlined in the Table and Box provides a useful perspective for hospital and medical education leaders to consider when making decisions about deploying medical learners in a pandemic context. It enables leaders to fully disclose the risks and benefits of the activity being assessed and to think about the medical learner’s experience from the perspectives of commitment, development of clinical competencies, collegial loyalty and social identity.